Classification of Animals

All mammals, birds, and other animals are classified into two broad groups: Chordata and Annelida. Both groups are parasitic and lack a circulatory and respiratory system. The first group, the Annelida, includes segmented worms with a nervous system and sensory organs. The second, the Chordata, include vertebrates with a spine and notochord. Most familiar animals are in this group, and they are divided into five subclasses: Arthropods, Amphibians, and Reptiles. Both of these groups are diverse and contain unique characteristics.


The classification of animals is based on their ability to reproduce and consume organic materials. All species have specialized sensory organs, such as eyes, ears, nose, skin, and tongues. Generally, animals reproduce sexually, producing a haploid sperm cell and an egg cell that unite to form a diploid zygote. Some animals, however, are capable of asexual reproduction. Some cnidarians produce genetic clones through budding, while insects and parthenogenesis are examples of asexual reproduction.

Animals are multicellular and eukaryotic organisms. They have a distinct shape and growth, voluntarily move, and digest organic materials. Their digestive systems are internal and they possess sensory and nervous systems. Most animals are mobile, but some become sessile during their development. All animals undergo a unique embryonic stage called a blastula, which enables cells to differentiate and develop into specialised tissues. All animals have sexual reproduction, though some are monogamous.

Although they have a variety of body systems, all animals have some similar characteristics. They have a nervous system, which processes sensory information and transmits signals that control various body functions. They also have a digestive system, an endocrine system that secretes hormones, and a reproductive system that produces offspring. The different body parts and the unique way these organs are arranged make them a very useful group of organisms.

Most animals are eukaryotic, multicellular organisms that breathe air and eat organic materials. They also reproduce sexually and go through an embryonic stage where a hollow sphere of cells is formed. There are approximately 1.5 million species of animals in the world, mostly based on their physical size, with more than one million of them being insects. In addition, they form complex food webs, have a variety of physiologies, and interact with each other.

The body of animals has distinct organs and tissues, each carrying out a specific function. These organs and tissues are composed of cells that perform various metabolic activities, and are responsible for ensuring the survival of an animal species. In addition to their different body systems, animals have a range of specialized organs and cells. The human body is made up of four major types of cells, which are called somatic and sex. These are the most important parts of an animal’s system.

The animals are grouped into phyla. This is the grouping that includes a wide variety of organisms. Among the animal kingdom, the most common types are plants and fungi. The different phylas each has a distinct role in evolution. There are a number of specialized sensory organs in the body. These organs allow animal species to survive and reproduce. Most animals also share a specialized digestive tract.